ESV Bible

Tuesday, May 26, 2015

Mid Week Book Buzz 5/26/15

Here is your book list for today. It's not long, but there are some good deals.

Be Exultant: Pslam 90-150 by Warren Wiersbe FREE

Going Beyond the Five Points by Rob Ventura $4.99

The Distinctives of Baptist Covenant Theology by Pascal Denault $3.99

Mom Enough by Desiring God staff $2.99

Killjoys by John Piper $2.99

The Marks of a Spiritual Leader by John Piper $2.99

Love to the Uttermost by John Piper $2.99

Grounded in the Gospel by J.I. Packer $2.99

Ethics and Moral Reasoning by C. Ben Mitchell $2.99

Political Thought by Hunter Baker $2.99

The Great Tradition of Christian Thinking by David Dockery $2.99

Philosophy by David Naugle $2.99

Art and Music by Paul Munson $2.99

The Liberal Arts by Gene Fant Jr. $2.99

Christian Worldview by Philip Ryken $2.99

Christianity, Cults and Religions by Paul Carden $.99

Buried Hope or Risen Savior by Charles Quarles $.99

A Quest for More by Paul Tripp $2.51

I Am a Church Member by Thom Rainer $2.99

The Glory of Christ by John Owen $.99

Be Edified Today.

Saturday, May 23, 2015

An Eschatology Overview Part 3: What We Know For Sure!

So, we've seen the hermineutical issues that revolve around apocalyptic genre,and we have a brief overview of the millenial lets talk about what we all know FOR SURE!

Acts 1:9-11

"And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight. And while they were gazing into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white robes, and said,'Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.'"

1.      Jesus will return personally.
2.     We will see it with our eyes – it will be VISIBLE! 

"For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. Therefore encourage one another with these words."

2Peter 3:10-13

"But the day of the Lord will come like a thief, and then the heavens will pass away with a roar, and the heavenly bodies will be burned up and dissolved, and the earth and the works that are done on it will be exposed. Since all these things are thus to be dissolved, what sort of people ought you to be in lives of holiness and godliness, waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be set on fire and dissolved, and the heavenly bodies will melt as they burn! But according to his promise we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells."

3.     The return of Jesus will be loud and undeniable
4.     Jesus will return suddenly
5.     There will be a New Heavens and a New Earth (also notice that the text says we are waiting for the NEW HEAVENS and the NEW EARTH not the millenium.) (also notice that on the "day of God" a fiery judgment comes with it, not 1,000 years later.)

Matt. 24:44 / Mark 13:32-33

"Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect."

6.     Nobody knows when Jesus will return.

Matthew 7:15-20

Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep's clothing but inwardly are ravenous wolves. You will recognize them by their fruits. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes, or figs from thistles?So, every healthy tree bears good fruit, but the diseased tree bears bad fruit. A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Thus you will recognize them by their fruits. “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’ And then will I declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.’

7.     Everyone will be judged by their works. (What does this mean for the Christian? Yep, we too are judged by our works, but guess what, we have PERFECT OBEDIENCE. Tim, no we don't we sin every day. I know that, but Christ didn't sin at all and he IMPUTED HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS to us, BAM!)

8.     There will be people who think they are Christians, who never were.

Titus 2:11-13

"For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people, training us to renounce ungodliness an worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age, waiting for our blessed hope, the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ..."

9.     We should eagerly await the second coming of Christ.

While there will always be good theologians who disagree on how to interpret eschatology and how it fits into history, we should also look for those biblical truths we can all agree on . These truths should bring us great comfort and unity in the body of Christ.

Soli Deo Gloria. Be Edified Today.

Check out my source: Systematic Theology by Wayne Grudem

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Mid Week Book Buzz 5-20-15

Hey Everyone, We have another great list this week of books to browse. If you are planning to attend the Mingling of Souls Wednesday night Bible study at BLDG28 this summer, you might want to consider buying The Mingling of Souls by Matt Chandler for $3.99. Also, I have on good authority that Rise by Tripp Lee is excellent, and a great book for your teenager or young adult. Kevin DeYoung's books look like they are on sale for one more week, so if you didn't get a chance to grab one last week, you have one more chance.

Rise by Trip Lee $1.99

Mingling of Souls by Matt Chandler $3.99

Creature of the Word by Matt Chandler $2.99

Taking God at His Word by Kevin DeYoung $2.99

The Hole in Our Holiness by Kevin DeYoung $2.99

Crazy Busy by Keven DeYoung $2.99

The Hardest Peace by Kara Tippets $.99

Big Love by Kara Tippets $2.99

Seven Men & The Secret of their Greatness by Eric Metaxas $1.99

Coffee with Calvin by Donald McKim $1.99

Prayer by John Bunyan $.99

Advice to Sufferers by John Bunyan $.99

All Loves Excelling by John Bunyan $1.99

The Gospel by Raymond Orlund Jr. $4.99

Evangelism by J. Mack Stiles $4.99

Expositional Preaching by David Helm $4.99

Sound Doctrine by Bobby Jamieson $4.99

Church Elders by Jeramie Rinne $4.99

Church Membership by Jonathan Leeman $4.99

Church Discipline by Jonathan Leeman $4.99

The Confessions of St. Augustine by Augustine $.99

The Household Gospel by Matthew Sims $2.99

The Quick Start to the Whole Bible by William Marty $1.99

Stop Asking Jesus Into Your Heart by J.D. Greear $.99

Better Love Now by Tommy Nelson $.99

Nothing is Impossible With God by Rose Miller $1.99

Glorious Ruin by Tullian Tchividjian $1.99

One Way Love by Tullian Tchividjian $1.99

The Insanity of Obedience by Nik Ripkin $1.99

Experiencing God by Richard Blackaby $.99

A Life Long Love by Gary Thomas $1.99

Identity by Eric Geiger $2.99

The Marks of a Spiritual Leader by John Piper $2.99

Doctrine Matters by John Piper $2.99

Captive to Glory by John Piper $2.99

Be Edified.

Monday, May 18, 2015

An Eschatology Overview Part 2: Millennial Views

In evangelical Christianity today, we have a lot of views on how Revelation 20 should be interpreted. I've already talked about the hermeneutics of eschatological genre, now I want to give you an overview of what the major views of the 1,000 years mentioned in Revelation 20. There are three major views: Premillennialism, Postmillennialism, and Realized Millennialism or Amillennialism as most know it today.


Premillennialism teaches that before Christ returns, there will be a literal, earthly millennial kingdom.
There are 2 forms of Premillennialism: 1. Dispensational and 2. Historic.

Classical Dispensational theology is a complete system of doctrine, with a very strict literal hermeneutic which requires that prophecies of the kingdom given to Israel in the OT be interpreted to only be fulfilled literally in the contemporary nation-state of what we know as Israel today.

They believe in a literal rebuilding of the temple and a re-institution of the sacrificial system.
One of the foundational hermeneutic principles of Dispensational theology is the belief that God has 2 separate plans of redemption: (1) one for Israel and (2) one for the church.

Traditional Dispensational premillennialism teaches that Christ offered the Jews the kingdom of David, but they rejected it, so this kingdom was postponed till sometime in the future.
They believe that the church age is simply a parenthesis between the return of Christ and Israel's restoration.

Dispensationalists believe the church will ultimately fail and become apostate toward the end, and will not be restored until after the return of Christ. Christ returns to SECRETLY RAPTURE his saints before a future great tribulation.

During the tribulation period, the world is oppressed by a world leader who promises peace but is really a deceiver whose main agenda is to stomp out Christianity (somehow it still exists even though every single believer has been raptured). However they do believe that two prophets will come back from the dead (maybe Moses, Elijah, or Enoch,) and preach to the people, and the antichrist leader will try to kill these guys.

Then Christ comes back a 3rd time into this world and will establish a Jewish political kingdom headquartered in Jerusalem and that monarchy will exist for 1,000 years with Jesus ruling and reigning over the entire world before creation has been redeemed and sin still exists with unregenerate members of society, however, Satan will be bound from tempting anybody.

The temple will be rebuilt and the sacrificial system will be reinstated. Sometime at the end of these blissful, 1000 years, Satan is going to be released just so God can have a war with him. Satan and his followers will attack Jerusalem, and Christ will call down judgment and destroy all of them, and then we will finally enter eternity.

I love what RC Sproul says about Dispensational Premillennialistm, “But while the pretribulation rapture is popular because it provides Christians with hope of avoiding the great tribulation at the end of the age, I find not a shred of evidence in Scripture to support it.” 

Sorry folks, as you can see, I don't hold this view.

Historic Premillennialism:

They teach that the church is the initial phase of Christ’s kingdom, as prophesied by the OT prophets. The church also ultimately fails in its mission. It loses influence and becomes corrupt and worldwide evil increases to the end of this time period.

The Great Tribulation takes place on the earth, and at the end of the tribulation, all the saints are raptured to meet Christ in the air and come back down with him to fight the battle of Armageddon, bind Satan, and establish a worldwide political kingdom where Christ reigns from Jerusalem for a thousand years on an unredeemed earth.

At the end of those 1,000 years Satan will be released, massive rebellion will take place against Christ and God will intervene with fiery judgment and rescue Jesus and all the saints on earth with Him. Then the Great White Throne Judgment takes place and eternity begins.


They believe that the kingdom of Christ began when Jesus was here the first time. They do not believe the church is distinct from Israel, but rather that Elect Israel has always included the church made up of messianic Jews and gentiles. The distinguishment is between the nation-state of Israel and the elect/faithful Israel. They also see the kingdom of God being one that is spiritual in nature that’s foundation rests on redemption and salvation, not political and economic reform.

They believe that the kingdom of God will have a transformational influence on the world so much so that the gospel of Jesus Christ will have a positive, redeeming influence on culture. Despite times of weakness and corruption the church will ultimately triumph over the wickedness of the world and gradually expand over the earth. They believe the great commission will succeed, and this will usher in the second coming of Christ. The millennium is not a literal 1,000 years as we know it, but rather a long period of time that cannot be determined.

Realized Millenialism:

This is the simplest millenial view.  They believe the church was prophesied in the OT and that the church and true elect Israel are one and the same. They would understand the distinction also as one between true spiritual Israel and the nation-state Israel. They would also see history has telling the story of redemption. They would believe that we are in the millennium now. The “binding” of Satan took place sometime during Christ’s ministry. Some believe that the great tribulation has taken place, others believe it is an on-going season and/or there will be a future greater tribulation. The next thing to happen on the eschatological timeline is the return of Christ where all judgment will take place, and eternity will begin. 

Now that you have an overview of the millenial positions, next week will will discuss what we all know for sure, and then I will talk about where I tend to lean and why.

Be Edified.

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Mid Week Book Buzz 5/12/15

It's BOOK TIME! There are lots of great titles this week. There are 3 great books by Kevin DeYoung you will want to grab. John Stotts Why I Am a Christian is a classic. Also you will want Nabeel Qureshi's Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus in your library. Al Mohler's Conviction to Lead is also on the list this week. Enjoy!

How the Bible Came to Be by J. Daniels Hays $.99

The Mystery of Providence by John Flavel $.99

The Reformed Doctrine of Predestination by Loraine Bottner $1.99

James Robinson Graves by James Patterson $.99

5 Conversations You Must Have with Your Daughter by Vicki Courtney $2.99

5 Conversations You Must Have with Your Son by Vicki Courtney $2.99

Better Love Now by Tommy Nelson $.99

God on Sex by Daniel Akin $2.99

Marriage Matters by Winston Smith $2.51

Anxious For Nothing by John MacArthur $1.99

Found: God's Peace by John MacArthur $3.82

What to Do When You Don't Know What to Do by David Jeremiah $1.40

7 Truths that Changed the World by Kenneth Samples $1.99

Evidence of an Early NT Canon by Norman Geisler $2.99

Biblical Inerrancy by Norman Geisler $1.99

The Master Plan of Evangelism by Robert Coleman $.99

Jesus or Nothing by Dan DeWitt $2.99

One Way Love by Tullian Tchividjian $1.99

It Is Finished by Tullian Tchividjian $5.99

Don't Call It A Comeback by Various $2.99 (including: Kevin DeYoung, Tim Challies, and Russell Moore)

The Hole in Our Holiness by Kevin DeYoung $2.99

Taking God At His Word by Kevin DeYoung $2.99

Crazy Busy by Kevin DeYoung $2.99

Identity by Eric Geiger $2.99

Seeking Allah, Finding Jesus by Nabeel Qureshi $2.99

Mingling of Souls by Matt Chandler $3.99

Why I Am A Christian by John Stott $1.99

Basic Christianity by John Stott $4.49

Walking in the Spirit by Kenneth Berding $2.99

Whiter Than Snow by Paul Tripp $3.99

Tempted and Tried by Russell Moore $3.99

Spectacular Sins by John Piper $2.99

Overcoming Sin and Temptation by John Owen $5.99

Of Temptation by John Owen $1.50

Finding Home by Jim Daly FREE

The Wiersbe Bible Study Series: Ecclesiastes by Warren Wiersbe FREE 

The Wiersbe Bible Study Series: Minor Prophets by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

The Wiersbe Bible Study Series: Ezekiel by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

The Wiersbe Bible Study Series: 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

The Wiersbe Bible Study Series: Leviticus by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

Be Joyful: Philippians by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

Be Mature: James by Warren Wiersbe $1.99

The Pilgrim's Regress by C.S. Lewis $1.99

Jesus and the Gospels by Craig Blomberg $4.99

The Pastor's Kid by Barnabas Piper $2.99

The Next Story by Tim Challies $1.99

The Conviction to Lead by Albert Mohler $2.99

Tuesday, May 05, 2015

Mid Week Book Buzz 5/5/15

Hey Everyone,

Sorry for not posting last week. I was out of town and just couldn't make it happen with everything that was going on. The books today are in no particular order, so just browse and click on a title that interests you. I've listed 4 free books today, but those deals go away at midnight, so make sure you download the free books today.

The Mingling of Souls by Matt Chandler $3.99

Autopsy of a Deceased Church by Thom Rainer $2.99

The End for which God Created the World by Jonathan Edwards $2.99

Disciplines of a Godly Woman by Barbara Hughes $4.99

Faithful Women and their Extraordinary God by Noel Piper $4.99

Comforts from the Cross by Elyse Fitzpatrick $3.99

Glimpses of Grace by Gloria Furman $3.99

Treasuring Christ When Your Hands are Full by Gloria Furman $3.99

The Attributes of God by A.W. Pink $.99

Depression by Ed Welch FREE

Running Scared by Ed Welch $1.99

Partners in Ministry by Christine Hoover $2.99

Mom Enough by Various $2.99

Reading to Walk by Jonathan Parnell $.99

Good Morning God by David C. Cook FREE

Incomparable by Andrew Wilson FREE

The Church of Christ by James Bannerman FREE

Found: God's Peace by John MacArthur $1.99

Anxious For Nothing by John MacArthur $1.99

How People Change by Paul Tripp $1.99

Why Jesus? by Ravi Zacharias $2.99

Be Edified.

Friday, May 01, 2015

An Eschatological Overview Part 1: The Hermeneutics of Apocolyptic Literature

Many Christians today fear the future. Most, if they are honest, have been influenced by Left Behind theology and cling tightly to every news story that breaks regarding Middle Eastern conflict. Do you ever wonder if what you've been taught really jives with what Scripture teaches. How much of what you've been taught is simply "implication" or "assumption" or just plain "theory." Christians have been confused about this subject since the 1st century.

I believe the main problem revolves around the interpretation of Scripture. Churches have been taught for the longest time that everything in the Bible should be interpreted literally. Personally, I find this type of thinking illogical and simply incorrect. Unfortunately in today's church, believers aren't being taught the basic principles of hermeneutics, the study of interpreting scripture.

Christians don't know that context is the guiding light as to what type of hermeneutic to use. Many Christians read the Bible like they read their fortune cookie. They think each verse stands alone with a small snippet of truth that gives them a nice thought to pass the time.

Scripture is made up of all kinds of literary genres. There are narratives, poetry, symbolism, parables, letters, doctrines, proverbs, songs, and prophecy...just to name a few. 

The real key to understanding the end times is knowing when and how to use hermeneutics.

With that said, here are the main hermeneutics of apocolyptic literature:

There are 4 approaches to interpreting Apocolyptic Literature that conservative theologians use.

1. The first is called the historic approach.

John Wycliffe, John Knox, William Tyndale, Martin Luther, John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli, Sir Isaac Newton, John Wesley, Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield, Charles Spurgeon, Matthew Henry, A.B. Simpson all used this hermeneutic when interpreting the book of Revelation.

Those who teach this view believe that God revealed the entire Church age in advance through the symbolic visions of the Apocalypse. For example, the breaking of the seven seals (chs 6-7) is often said to be the barbarian invasions that sacked the western Roman empire. The scorpion/locusts that come out of the bottomless pit (ch. 9) are the Arab hordes attacking the eastern Roman Empire, followed by the Turks, represented as the horses with serpents for tails and flame-throwers for mouths. The beast (ch. 13) represents the Roman papacy.

Some highlights of this perspective is (1) the year-for-a-day” principle. This principle is used when dealing with designations of time in Revelation. It is believed that God revealed literal and exact time periods, but cast them in a symbolism that represents a year as a day. So 5 months or 150 days would be taken as 150 years. This principle is taken from Ezekiel 4:4-6.

Another non-negotiable feature of this hermeutic is the assertion that the papacy is the Antichrist. They believe that preterism and futurism are inventions of the Jesuits, designed to neutralize the bad publicity given to the pope by the Reformers.

Albertus Pieters said, “When one examines the verse-by-verse expositions of the historicisits, I think one will have to say that the scheme makes more than a few ‘occasional hits.’ In fact, the development of history has been shown to fit the outline of the book of Revelation so nearly that, in the days when this view predominated, it was said that a missionary might go to heathen lands armed only with a copy of Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire in one hand and Barnes’ Notes on Revelation in the other, and prove beyond question the inspiration of the Bible.”

However this view is not widely accepted today. I think the most valid criticism that I found was that the historicist view seldom looks beyond the church outside of Europe during the Middle Ages and the Reformation. It has little to say of history after AD 1500.

George Eldon Ladd says, “The view has little to commend it for the Revelation would in that case hav little to say to the churches of Asia to which it was addressed.” George Eldon Ladd is a futurist and a premillenialist. What I think is interesting about his critique is that the same could be said of furturism since it speaks mainly to the Western world when it is expounded.

2.       The partial preterism approach

Kenneth Gentry, R.C. Sproul, Keith Mathison,  and other modern Reformed thinkers would be found in this camp. This view is very favorable in the sense that it would have been immediately relevant to it’s original audience. This view shows the Book of Revelation as a promise of soon deliverance and vindication of those who were dying as martyers.

This view is the only view that does not need an alternative literal fulfillment of Rev. 1:1, 1:19 and 22:10. This view dates the Book of Revelation prior to AD70. This allows the book to predict the fall of Jerusalem, the fall of the Roman empire, etc… with the second coming as part of the finale of Scripture. So this view would also see the bulk of Revelation being fulfilled in the past.

Many theologians like this view because the prophesies of Revelation exhibit many points that correspond with the fall of Jerusalem as recorded by Josephus. Some in this camp believe that the Olivet Discourse covers the same information as the Book of Revelation. Since the olivet discourse is covered in Matthew, Mark, and Luke but not in John...many believe Revelation is John’s expanded account of the Olivet Discourse.

The main criticism of the preterist view is its heavy dependence on the pre AD 70 date of writing, which is defensible but not undisputed. If the book was written after that date, it obviously cannot predict events that occurred in AD 70. Some also critique its origin as Roman Catholic. They say it originated with a Jesuit priest named Luis de Alcazar who formulated this view to refute the Reformers. However it is undisputed that Eusebius, one of the church fathers, held this view which refutes the Roman Catholic agenda.

3.       The futurist approach

This view is held by most evangelicals today, but that doesn't mean it's right.
J.N. Darby, C.I. Scofield, Charles Ryrie, John Walvoord, John MacArthur, Wayne Grudem, Craig Blasing, and Darrel Bock are just a few that hold this view.

Within this hermeneutic lies what’s called dispensationalism. The main difference between dispensationalism and other futurist hermeneutics is the placement of the rapture and the belief that the nation of Israel is completely distinct from the Church. The Dispensationalist place the rapture at Rev. 4:1 while others place it around Rev. 19.

According to this view, Revelation is divided into 3 sections: (1) the things which you have seen, (2) the things which are, and (3) the things which shall be after these things (Rev. 1:19) Chapter 1 describes what John had seen…vision of Christ, chapters 2-3 describe the church age, and everything after chapter 3 describe future events that still have not happened. Chapters 6-19 are thought to describe a 7 year future worldwide tribulation period, Chapter 19 describes the return of Christ, chapter 20 describes a 1,000 year earthly theocracy of Christ, and chapters 21-22 describe the new heavens and the new earth.

This view takes the vision of John as literal as possible, and has the freedom to do so. For example, chapter 16 describes a time where a third of the sea turns to blood, kills a third of the fish and sinks a third of the ships. That has never happened in history past, so the futurist has the liberty to say it will happen literally... instead of that being symbolic of some other real historical event.

Criticism comes at all angles here. There are events that these people hold to that do not originate from the literal application of any particular passage in the Book of Revelation. Examples would be the antichrist’s violating a treaty he made with Israel and setting up an image of himself in the rebuilt Jewish temple in Jerusalem. There is no global cashless economic system predicted in Revelation. Nuclear war is not predicted in Revelation.

Also, leading futurist theologians will admit that they cannot adhere to a strict literal interpretation 100% of the time, especially with the numbers that are mentioned in the Book of Revelation.

John Walvoord says, “These numbers may be understood literally, but even when understood they way, they often carry with them also a symbolic meaning…Though the symbolism is not always obvious, the general rule should be followed to interpret the numbers literally unless there is clear evidence to the contrary. The numbers nevertheless convey more than their bare numerical significance.”

Theologians seem to think that whenever they can associate current political events to their interpretation, it bolsters evidence for this view. This view seems to make the Book of Revelation highly inapplicable to the original readers and almost all Christians throughout church history for that matter since they will be raptured before most of the prophesies are fulfilled.

Many disregard this view due to it’s lack of historical roots. The earliest accounts are traced to a Jesuit in 1585 to deflect the Reformers view of the pope as the anti-christ, however a more full development of this view was put together in the early 1800’s by John Nelson Darby.

It should be noted that there are some futurists who believe they will go through the future tribulation, and do not hold to a strict literal interpretation. Many of your historic premillenialists will disregard dispensationalism for a quasi-literal/historical/symbolic hermineutic, but seem to believe prophecies like Isaiah 65 do mention some future earthly kingdom prior to the new heavens and new earth.

4.       The spiritual approach

Some theologians believe that the Book of Revelation should be interpreted spiritually. Instead of looking for specific fulfillments of the prophesies, some believe that the Book of Revelation only gives spiritual lessons and principles that are depicted by the symbolism in the vision.

Depending on who you are reading and how you understand them, you most likely see that each author uses each approach in some manner. The trick is figuring out who is rightly interpreting the text within the context it is written. Some call this the idealist hermeneutic.

According to this view, the great themes of the triumph of good over evil, of Christ over Satan, of the vindication of the martyrs and the sovereignty of God are played out throughout Revelation without necessarily referring to a single event. Battles in Revelation may refer to spiritual warfare, the persecution of Christians, or war throughout history. The harlet may be the church or the seduction of the world.  The broken seals and trumpets depict some reality such as war, famine, natural disaster…things that happen in history on a recurring basis as part of God’s sovereign plan.

This position does not have to harmonize every single verse in Revelation. This view pulls from the partial preterist and historicist views to refer to certain fulfilled prophecies.

Many today will mix the spiritual approach with preterism and call their view some sort of preterist view or just leave their view unlabeled. William Hendrickson’s progressive parallelism would fall into this category.

Depending on your background, you will tend to lean towards one of these hermineutics. It's important to realize what you are doing when you are interpreting the Bible. You need to ask yourself if you are imposing your own view, bias, or desires for a certain outcome on the text. It is very difficult to break down apocolyptic literature objectively when 1) you've been taught something your whole life and 2) it's just hard to understand anyway.

If you are going to attempt to understand the Book of Revelation, ask God to help you look at this book objectively. Ask God to show you the purpose behind this writing. Don't just read commentaries from one perspective. Look at each view and compare it to the actual text of Scripture.

For a more complete understanding of this topic, go check out my source: Revelation: Four Views Edited by Steve Gregg.

Be Edified!